Photo by Diana Simumpande on Unsplash

While daily cleansing and moisturising is beneficial for all skin types, different skin types have different needs. That’s why understanding your skin type is the first step in properly caring for it.

There are four types of skin 

-Oily skin

-Normal skin

-Dry skin

-Combination skin

Your skin type is based on the amount of sebum (oil) your skin produces. Skin’s oiliness can change over time and may also be influenced by factors such as stress, genetics, hormones, humidity, and the natural aging process. Once you understand that, it becomes easier to pinpoint what skin type you have.

Oily skin

Oily skin produces an excess of sebum that causes the skin to appear shiny and feel greasy as such oily skin is prone to acne and clogged pores. 

For healthy maintenance,aim to wash your face twice a day with a gentle soap and the occassional face mask to help tighten the skin pores, absorb oils and protects the skin from bacterial infections.

Normal skin

Normal skin is balanced—feeling neither too dry nor too oily. It is not prone to breakouts, flakiness, or feeling greasy or tight.While it might seem like the easiest to maintain, it gets drier as you continue to age.

Dry skin

Dry skin generally produces less natural oils than other types of skin. This may cause it to appear dull and become rough, flaky, or even scaly. Usually caused by the minimum production of sebum, dry skin comes in different variants, distinguished by severity. Extremely dry skin can lead to irritation, flaking, rough and blotchy appearance, scaling and even infections.

Combination skin

Combination skin includes areas that are dry as well as oily—with the T-zone (chin, forehead and nose) commonly being oily, and the cheeks being either dry or normal. This skin type can vary during different seasons of the year, and due to various factors, such as stress or hormone fluctuation. Combination skin has areas that produce too much sebum while other areas that produce less sebum.

As such some areas might be prone to acne while other areas remain clear.

If descriptions of the different skin types didn't help you come to a conclusion always feel free to visit a dermatologist who will do a test help you understand your skin and show you how to take care of it.

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